Acute Bronchitis/ Upper Respiratory Infection (URI)
Acute bronchitis is a form respiratory tract inflammation which affects the bronchi (air tubes) within the lungs. Acute bronchitis is usually the result of a virus or an irritant of the lungs such as smoke, fumes, dust, and/or air pollutants, virus, or bacteria. It is characterized by acute onset but persistent cough with or without sputum production. Rest and fluids could help with symptoms, some patients may need an inhaler to open the bronchial tubes and assist with wheezing. Bacteria may cause come cases of acute bronchitis. People with weakened or compromised immune systems as the elderly or infant may endure complications or severe case of bronchitis. Routine use of antibiotics is not recommended as conidiations may be self-limiting. Antibiotics use is reserved for those with who are at high risk for complications or with severe symptoms.
Signs and Symptoms
- Production of mucous (clear, white yellow-gray, green), rarely streaked with blood
- Shortness of breath
- Low fever and chills
- Swelling of the gum
- Chest discomfort