Vulvovaginal Candidiasis (yeast infection) is one of the most common causes of vulvovaginal itching and discharge. It is caused by candida albican and other species. Candida is a normal vaginal flora, yeast infection happens when there is overgrowth can lead to discomfort. Risk factors include diabetes, elevated estrogen level, immune-compromised health, obesity, antibiotic use. However, yeast infections can also occur spontaneously. Aim of treatment is symptom relief and prevent complications.
Vaginal itching/vulva pruritus, vulvar burning, soreness, and irritation, swollen vulvar, excoriation, or fissure are the most common yeast infection symptoms. There is usually little to no discharge, if present it is white, thick, adherent, and clumpy (cottage cheese). Symptoms are often worse during the week prior to menses. The external genitalia or vagina may appear red and swollen.
There is no contraindication to sexual intercourse during treatment discomfort may be present until vaginal irritation improves.